Cat shark, or scyllium, is a medium – sized species of sharks that inhabit the waters of the Atlantic ocean. It is a mostly nocturnal predator of unusual color.
The name of the shark was due to the similarity of the shape of the head with cats. They are quite mobile and maneuverable. This is the most active and popular sharks in the warm waters of seas in tropical regions.
The meat of this shark species is edible and is often used in exotic cooking.
There are several species of sharks, which are United the same morphological features.
The size of the fish does not exceed one meter. The weight varies from 1 to 1.5 kilogram.
The body is long, elongated, vaguely, allowing the shark to develop a high speed in pursuit of prey. The head is round, eyes are covered with a nictitating membrane that protects them from injury. Sides of the head are 5 pairs of Gill slits.
Mouth wide, with small teeth, forming a hard bristle brush which frays any food.
Painting different species differs significantly. Australian coral cat shark has a colorful, conspicuous color, and the body of the Madeiran black leopard sharks dark and monochromatic.
All of the sea cats are quite small, only skin and Brokeback leopard sharks can grow up to three meter length.
The fins are well developed, especially the chest.Anal and abdominal a little less. The tail is long with underdeveloped lower part.
The distribution of sharks is large enough. They are not only in the Arctic ocean – the water is too cold. Ordinary cat shark can be seen in the summer months the waves of the Black sea where it occurs from the Mediterranean.
In the Northern waters of our region blackmouth spotted the shark. She chooses the bottom of coastal waters for living. The predator is not dangerous to humans, its food consists of crustaceans and small fishes.
Forage base of sharks consists of small squids and octopuses, demersal invertebrates and small fish that live in bottom waters. Have keen eyesight and smell, to detect prey in the dark. Sharks feel the pulse and they are the victim.
Hunt mainly from ambush for aquatic vegetation and rocks. Active in pursuit of prey.
Leopard sharks due to the small sizes often become food for larger predatory fish.
Reproduction takes place by laying eggs. Females lay up to 20 eggs, each measuring about 5 centimeters.
Some species are ovoviviparous – bear cubs in your body due course of time.