The black sea region
The black sea is an inland sea basin of the Atlantic ocean. Interestingly the origin of the name Black sea. Throughout its history it has changed names several times. The…

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Five classes of most common species and breeds of fish
Viviparous. These kinds of bright and unpretentious. They hold the palm of popularity among aquarists for several decades. The main secret of its popularity are viviparous their size, colour, simplicity…

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algae

Marine aquarium

The content of the fish in a saltwater aquarium can be very challenging. Maintenance of the necessary salinity of the water and a sufficiently high oxygen level in it even in a well – equipped aquarium is not easy. Most marine fish bred in aquariums, is habitat, so these fish cannot tolerate fluctuations. Reef the oxygen level is always high and a lot of light, because the corals grow only in shallow and clean water.

Sea water is very corrosive, so the aquarium must be made entirely of glass or plastic, without metal parts. Although marine fish are less inclined to jump out of the vessel compared to freshwater, the aquarium must be carefully closed to avoid contamination. It will also help to control evaporation: when water evaporates, salinity increases, so the vessel should be topped up with distilled water. Continue reading

The Smallmouth macropinna

Living in the depths of the North Pacific ocean macropinna the Smallmouth has a very unusual appearance. Her transparent forehead, through which she could spy out the production of their tubular eyes.

Unique fish opened in 1939. However, at that time did not work well enough to study, in particular the structure of the cylindrical eyes of the fish, which can move from vertical to horizontal and Vice versa. It was done only in 2009.

Then it became clear that the bright green eyes of this little fish (it does not exceed 15 cm in length) are filled with a clear liquid chamber of the head. This camera covers a dense, but at the same time elastic transparent membrane, which is attached to the scales on the body of the Smallmouth macropinna. Bright green eyes of fish due to the presence of a specific yellow pigment. Continue reading

Piranha

Among the fish, horror at the man, the most terrible is the white shark. But no less chilling stories to tell about the little fish-the piranha. In many legends she is able to strip a large animal in just half an hour. Only the water gets a drop of blood, piranha transforms into a crazed demon who hits on anything that he comes across.

Here it is — the famous and legendary piranha. A small fish, only some 20 cm, with purple (female) or blue-black (male) color. Can also be olive-silver or bright red. Nice fish? Believe me, it’s no longer be the case. Piranha known reputation of bloodthirsty fish. Just look at her strong jaw with many sharp, pyramidal teeth.

The name itself is fraught with danger. The word “piranha” is borrowed from South American Indians and means “sharp-toothed demon.” Indeed, the teeth they terrible. Jaw muscles are so developed that the piranha can to shave off the smallest piece. She does not tear the prey, and cut it in pieces, like a surgeon with a scalpel. The teeth are very sharp, no thick skin no protection. Adult piranha can bite a stick or a human finger. Piranha can even bite through steel. Piranhas are especially dangerous during the spawning season, when fish pair first, and later one male, guarding a clutch of eggs. Continue reading